Orientation & Mobility

What is Orientation and Mobility?
When vision begins to decline, two main skills are affected: Orientation and Mobility (O&M). Orientation is the ability to make a “mental map” of where you are and where you want to go. Mobility is the act of actually getting there. For most of our lives, we apply these skills unconsciously whenever we have somewhere to go. But people with vision loss must both develop and learn to apply new orientation and mobility skills. These skills can include but are not limited to walking with a sighted (human) guide, the use of a long white cane or dog guide, support cane or walker use, and techniques for applying memory and the other senses so that you can continue to move about safely and independently.